I suspect there are relatively few rocket scientist-theologians out there, but I’m one of them. I’m frequently amazed by the number of people I encounter who see a conflict there — like my extensive scientific education should have “trained out” all that spiritual garbage, or how my deep reverence for God and theological education eliminates the need to seek scientific explanations for the universe. I’ve never felt such a conflict, and in fact I find the two a perfect marriage. The amazement I feel when exploring the deeper truths of mathematics and science is strangely similar to the awe I feel when probing the depths of God’s Word. This is an act of worship — God’s Word and God’s World in perfect harmony, and Melissa Cain Travis agrees.
Mrs. Travis is an Assistant Professor at Houston Baptist University, specializing in Christian Apologetics and the Philosophy of Science and Religion. Her book, “Science and the Mind of the Maker: What the Conversation Between Faith and Science Reveals About God” (Harvest House, Eugene, Oregon, 2018) attacks this perceived conflict head-on, and handles it masterfully. Her challenge was no small one — the temptation would be to err on the side of theology, and give the deeper scientific subjects only a passing glance. Alternatively, one could delve deeply into the intricacies of DNA coding and star formation, thereby alienating a large contingent of Christian readers with insufficient scientific background to follow. Incredibly, Mrs. Travis has tackled both with vigor and with great success. The theology is precisely on point, and she handles the most complex of scientific subjects with a grace that makes it understandable to any lay person.
Has science eliminated the need for God? Further, has it disproven His existence? With Darwinism, the Big Bang Theory, genetics, the human genome, and universal common descent, what room is there for divine intervention? Not so fast, dear reader…these advances in science have, in fact, only strengthened our case for a creator. The book is anchored in “The Maker Thesis,” which claims that “…there are certain discoveries of the natural sciences [that] (1) support the inference that there is a mind behind the universe with whom we share kinship, and (2) suggest that this mind intended the success of the natural sciences” (Travis 25). Simply stated, instead of asking whether or not science disproves God, the correct question to ask is whether or not his existence makes better sense of the available evidence. Starting with a basic discussion of natural theology (God’s World, not His Word), Mrs. Travis expands into the beginning of the cosmos, the fine tuning of the universe for human life and discovery, all the way through Darwinism and the development of complex life and eventually humankind. Each chapter remains anchored in the Maker Thesis, each time returning the inescapable conclusion that a scientific investigation of nature does not eliminate the need for God — rather, it demonstrates His existence, and His hand, at every turn.
The book is full of hidden and often surprising gems for both the scientist and the theologian, and for those few readers who (like me) are both. How is fire evidence that God exists and participates in the lives of His creation? Why are solar eclipses so critical to the advancement of science? Particularly brilliant is the discussion about how the conditions necessary for complex (human) life, and the conditions necessary for that life to explore and experience the universe, are incredibly and inexplicably identical. Continuing the example of fire, Mrs. Travis explains,
“…the original and evolution of science have been dependent upon controllable fire, which in turn is reliant upon a rather finely tuned value of the electromagnetic force constant and a planet with a specific kind of atmosphere. Interestingly, these requirements happen to also be necessary for the kind of complex life capable of using fire. The birth of metallurgy required fire and complex life, as well as accessible, plentiful metal ores with the right chemical properties and the existence of large, woody plants that would be used to produce appropriate fuels. Lo and behold, all these pieces fell precisely into place, leading to the scientific and technological world we enjoy” (Travis 84 – 85).
Scientific (and human) advancement requires advanced tools, tools required metallurgy, metallurgy required controllable fire, and the atmospheric conditions that allow controllable fire just happen to be the very conditions required for the complex life forms that control it. Slightly more oxygenated, and there is a 70% increase in forest fires, slightly less oxygenated and large air-breathing land mammals (like mankind) are impossible. This is one example of literally scores of them in this book. How precisely tuned did the electromagnetic constant have to be? That’s Chapter 3. What kind of atmosphere was necessary? Chapter 5.
As either a scientist or a theologian, I found nothing significant to criticize in this book. I only wish there were more of it! At just over 200 pages, I read it in a single sitting, and wanted more. I was particularly fascinated by how Mrs. Travis incorporated the thoughts, writings, theories, and even poetry of the great fathers and mothers of both Christianity AND science. Chesterton, Lewontin, Lennox, Pythagoras, Philo, Nicomachus, Athanasius, Augustine, Kepler, Copernicus, Planck, Boyle, Galileo, and others are quoted and interspersed seamlessly with Jesus, Paul, Solomon…it adds truly brilliant color to the sometimes highly technical backdrop. Well done, Mrs. Travis — anxiously awaiting Volume 2!